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Euphemisms/Orwellian Newspeak

A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant. Some euphemisms are intended to amuse, while others use bland, inoffensive terms for concepts that the user wishes to downplay. Euphemisms are used to refer to taboo topics in a polite way, or to mask profanity.More at Wikipedia

Newspeak is the language of Oceania, a fictional totalitarian state ruled by the Party, who created the language to meet the ideological requirements of English Socialism.More at Wikipedia

Orwell, G.. (2000). Appendix: The Principles of Newspeak. In Nineteen Eighty-Four
Bergman, J.. (1994). Totalitarian language: Orwell’s newspeak and its nazi and communist antecedents. History of European Ideas

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/0191-6599(94)90522-3
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Joseph, J. E.. (2000). Orwell on Language and Politics. Edinburgh Working Papers in Applied Linguistics
Buchen, I. H.. (1984). The future of 1984. Technology in Society

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/0160-791X(84)90036-8
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Waters, A.. (2015). “Orwellian” discourse in ELT: A threat to professional diversity. RELC Journal

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1177/0033688214555354
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