Nazi Germany, also known as the Third Reich, is the common name for Germany during the period when its government was controlled by Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist German Workers’ Party. Under Hitler’s rule, Germany was a totalitarian state after the Gleichschaltung (coordination) process. Nazi Germany’s existence ceased with the end of World War II after the allied forces defeated the Wehrmacht in May 1945.
Nuremberg /ˈnjʊərəmbɜrɡ/ is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Situated on the Pegnitz river and the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal, it is located about 170 kilometres north of Munich and is Franconia’s largest city. The population as of December, 2011, is 510,602. The “European Metropolitan Area Nuremberg” has 3.5 million inhabitants, which makes it Germany’s fourteenth largest city.