Manufacturing consent

Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media is a book written by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky, in which the authors propose that the mass communication media of the U.S. “are effective and powerful ideological institutions that carry out a system-supportive propaganda function, by reliance on market forces, internalized assumptions, and self-censorship, and without overt coercion”, by means of the propaganda model of communication.[1] The title derives from the phrase “the manufacture of consent,” employed in the book Public Opinion (1922), by Walter Lippmann (1889–1974).[2]

The book was first published in 1988 and was revised 20 years later to take account of developments such as the fall of the Soviet Union. There has been debate about how the internet has changed the public´s access to information since 1988.

Academic freedom

Kubara, M.. (1996). Academic freedom. Interchange

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/BF01807291
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Macintyre, S. F.. (2010). Academic freedom. In International Encyclopedia of Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-044894-7.00835-6
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Aghion, P., Dewatripont, M., & Stein, J. C.. (2008). Academic freedom, private-sector focus, and the process of innovation. RAND Journal of Economics

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-2171.2008.00031.x
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Academic and Professional Freedom. (1969). British Medical Journal

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1136/bmj.4.5680.379
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Philip G . Altbach. (2001). Academic Freedom : International Realities and Challenges. Higher Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1023/a:1026791518365
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Hill, H. H.. (1955). Academic Freedom and Responsibility. Peabody Journal of Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/01619565509536615
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Butler, J.. (2011). Critique, dissent, disciplinarity. In Conceptions of Critique in Modern and Contemporary Philosophy

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1057/9780230357006
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Giroux, H. A.. (2006). Academic Freedom Under Fire: The Case for Critical Pedagogy. College Literature

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1353/lit.2006.0051
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Davies, M.. (2015). Academic freedom: a lawyer’s perspective. Higher Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s10734-015-9884-8
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Sadler, D. R.. (2011). Academic freedom, achievement standards and professional identity. Quality in Higher Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/13538322.2011.554639
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Washburn, J.. (2011). Academic freedom and the corporate university. Academe

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/03098269208709181
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Aarrevaara, T.. (2010). Academic freedom in a changing academic world. European Review

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1017/S1062798709990317
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Brown, R. S., & Kurland, J. E.. (2014). Academic Tenure and Academic Freedom. Law and Contemporary Problems

Plain numerical DOI: 10.2307/1191800
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Karran, T.. (2009). Academic freedom in Europe: Time for a Magna Charta?. Higher Education Policy

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1057/hep.2009.2
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Thomas, N.. (2010). The politics of academic freedom. New Directions for Higher Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/he.416
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