Mental self-defense 101: A primer on psychological resilience and self-control

“Self-defense is a countermeasure that involves defending the health and well-being of oneself from harm.”
Source URL: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-defense

Protecting the mind can be seen as analogous to protecting the body from physical attacks. However, the difference is that psychological attacks are much more difficult to perceive and to objectify. However, their effects can be much more harmful to the organism than physical attacks. Many people practice physical self-defense but only very few systematically train their psychological self-defense mechanisms.

5 important topics:

  1. Heuristics & Biases (recognize and react)
  2. Dual-process theory (adjust habitual/automatic responses)
  3. Group-Dynamics (awareness of group process and their influence)
  4. Theory & praxis of self-control (executive functions and cognitive top-down regulation)
  5. Understanding contextual factors (seeing the bigger picture)

Further References

Sandal, G. M., Manzey, D., Smith, N., Landon, L. B., & Barrett, J. D.. (2017). Psychological resilience. In Space Safety and Human Performance

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-101869-9.00006-6
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Fletcher, D., & Sarkar, M.. (2013). Psychological resilience: A review and critique of definitions, concepts, and theory. European Psychologist

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040/a000124
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Rutten, B. P. F., Hammels, C., Geschwind, N., Menne-Lothmann, C., Pishva, E., Schruers, K., … Wichers, M.. (2013). Resilience in mental health: Linking psychological and neurobiological perspectives. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/acps.12095
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Ong, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., Bisconti, T. L., & Wallace, K. A.. (2006). Psychological resilience, positive emotions, and successful adaptation to stress in later life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.91.4.730
DOI URL
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Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., Avey, J. B., & Norman, S. M.. (2007). Positive psychological capital: Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-6570.2007.00083.x
DOI URL
directSciHub download

APA. (2017). The Road to Resilience
Southwick, S. M., & Charney, D. S.. (2012). The Science of Resilience: Implications for the Prevention and Treatment of Depression. Science

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1126/science.1222942
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Gooding, P. A., Hurst, A., Johnson, J., & Tarrier, N.. (2012). Psychological resilience in young and older adults. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/gps.2712
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D.. (2006). Psychological Resilience After Disaster. Psychological Science

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01682.x
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Fletcher, D., & Sarkar, M.. (2012). A grounded theory of psychological resilience in Olympic champions. Psychology of Sport and Exercise

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.04.007
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Sciences, P.. (2010). Applications of social network analysis for building community disaster resilience. National Reseacrh Council

Plain numerical DOI: 10.3149/jms.1801.22
DOI URL
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Yeager, D. S., & Dweck, C. S.. (2012). Mindsets That Promote Resilience: When Students Believe That Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed. Educational Psychologist

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/00461520.2012.722805
DOI URL
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Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D.. (2007). What Predicts Psychological Resilience After Disaster? The Role of Demographics, Resources, and Life Stress. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.5.671
DOI URL
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Sarkar, M., & Fletcher, D.. (2014). Psychological resilience in sport performers: a review of stressors and protective factors. Journal of Sports Sciences

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.901551
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Thompson, R. W., Arnkoff, D. B., & Glass, C. R.. (2011). Conceptualizing mindfulness and acceptance as components of psychological resilience to trauma. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1177/1524838011416375
DOI URL
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Bonanno, G. A.. (2005). Resilience in the face of potential trauma. Current Directions in Psychological Science

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.0963-7214.2005.00347.x
DOI URL
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Walker, F. R., Pfingst, K., Carnevali, L., Sgoifo, A., & Nalivaiko, E.. (2017). In the search for integrative biomarker of resilience to psychological stress. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.05.003
DOI URL
directSciHub download

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