Television programming & effective frequency


Further References

Jones, J. P.. (1997). What does effective frequency mean in 1997?. Journal of Advertising Research
Krugman, H. E.. (1965). The Impact of Television Advertising: Learning Without Involvement. Public Opinion Quarterly

, 29(3), 349.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1086/267335
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Vittrup, B., & Holden, G. W.. (2011). Exploring the impact of educational television and parent-child discussions on children’s racial attitudes. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-2415.2010.01223.x
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Vittrup, B., & Holden, G. W.. (2011). Exploring the Impact of Educational Television and Parent-Child Discussions on Children’s Racial Attitudes. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy

, 11(1), 82–104.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-2415.2010.01223.x
DOI URL
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Neuralink – a chronically implanted (hackable) cortical neuroprosthetic device


Further References

Vetter, R. J., Becker, T. A., Williams, J. C., & Kipke, D. R.. (2003). The use of ALGEL/spl reg/ as an artificial dura for chronic cortical implant neuroprosthetics. In First International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, 2003. Conference Proceedings.

(pp. 633–636). IEEE
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/CNE.2003.1196908
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Silay, K. M., Dehollain, C., & Declercq, M.. (2011). Numerical Thermal Analysis of a Wireless Cortical Implant with Two-Body Packaging. BioNanoScience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s12668-011-0009-2
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Björninen, T., Moradi, E., Sydänheimo, L., Carmena, J. M., Rabaey, J. M., & Ukkonen, L.. (2013). Electromagnetic modelling and measurement of antennas for wireless brain-machine interface systems. In 2013 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop Series on RF and Wireless Technologies for Biomedical and Healthcare Applications, IMWS-BIO 2013 – Proceedings

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/IMWS-BIO.2013.6756196
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Kok, C. L., Siek, L., Gao, F., Zheng, Y., & Lim, W. M.. (2012). An ultra-compact green bio-regulator dedicated for brain cortical implant using a dynamic PSR enhancement technique. In Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS

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Kosta, P., Paknahad, J., Rodriguez, E. S. G., Loizos, K., Roy, A., Talbot, N., … Lazzi, G.. (2018). Electromagnetic Safety Assessment of a Cortical Implant for Vision Restoration. IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/JERM.2018.2812302
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Parthasarathy, K. S., Cheng, Y. C. N., McAllister, J. P., Shen, Y., Li, J., Deren, K., … Auner, G. W.. (2007). Biocompatibilities of sapphire and borosilicate glass as cortical neuroprostheses. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2007.03.020
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Moradi, E., Björninen, T., Sydänheimo, L., Carmena, J. M., Rabaey, J. M., & Ukkonen, L.. (2013). Measurement of wireless link for brain-machine interface systems using human-head equivalent liquid. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2013.2283737
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Lowery, A. J., Rosenfeld, J. V., Rosa, M. G. P., Brunton, E., Rajan, R., Mann, C., … Pritchard, J.. (2016). Monash Vision Group’s Gennaris Cortical Implant for Vision Restoration. In Artificial Vision

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Mark, M., Björninen, T., Ukkonen, L., Sydänheimo, L., & Rabaey, J. M.. (2011). SAR reduction and link optimization for mm-size remotely powered wireless implants using segmented loop antennas. In 2011 IEEE Radio and Wireless Week, RWW 2011 – 2011 IEEE Topical Conference on Biomedical Wireless Technologies, Networks, and Sensing Systems, BioWireleSS 2011

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1109/BIOWIRELESS.2011.5724339
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Lewis, P. M., Ackland, H. M., Lowery, A. J., & Rosenfeld, J. V.. (2015). Restoration of vision in blind individuals using bionic devices: A review with a focus on cortical visual prostheses. Brain Research

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Shetliffe, M. A., Kamboh, A. M., Mason, A., & Oweiss, K. G.. (2007). Impact of lossy compression on neural response characteristics extracted from high-density intra-cortical implant data. In Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology – Proceedings

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Schwiebert, L., Gupta, S. K. S., Auner, P. S. G., Abrams, G., Iezzi, R., & McAllister, P.. (2003). A biomedical smart sensor for the visually impaired

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Luo, Y., Winstead, C., & Chiang, P.. (2012). 125Mbps ultra-wideband system evaluation for cortical implant devices. In Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS

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De Ridder, D., & Vanneste, S.. (2014). Targeting the parahippocampal area by auditory cortex stimulation in tinnitus. Brain Stimulation

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Khan, M. W. A., Bjorninen, T., Sydanheimo, L., & Ukkonen, L.. (2016). Characterization of Two-Turns External Loop Antenna With Magnetic Core for Efficient Wireless Powering of Cortical Implants. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters

, 15, 1410–1413.
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Yan, X., Zhang, X., Chi, W., Ai, H., & Wu, L.. (2015). Comparing the influence of crestal cortical bone and sinus floor cortical bone in posterior maxilla bi-cortical dental implantation: A three-dimensional finite element analysis. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica

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Hoenecke, H. R., Tibor, L. M., Elias, D. W., Flores-Hernandez, C., Steinvurzel, J. N., & D’Lima, D. D.. (2012). A quantitative three-dimensional templating method for shoulder arthroplasty: Biomechanical validation in cadavers. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

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Ferguson, S., & Ferguson, S. D.. (1986). High resolution vision prosthesis systems: Research after 15 years. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness
Khan, M. W. A., Bjorninen, T., Sydanheimo, L., & Ukkonen, L.. (2015). Two-turns antenna and magnetic materials for effective powering of mm-size implant in wireless brain-machine interface system. In 2015 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Workshop Series on RF and Wireless Technologies for Biomedical and Healthcare Applications, IMWS-BIO 2015 – Proceedings

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Morillas, C. A., Romero, S. F., Martinez, A., Pelayo, F. J., & Fernández, E.. (2005). A Computational Tool to Test Neuromorphic Encoding Schemes for Visual Neuroprostheses

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Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes (Jacques Ellul, 1962)

Finally, propaganda will take over literature (present and past) and history, which must be rewritten according to propaganda’s needs. We must not say: this is done by tyrannical, autocratic, totalitarian governments. In fact, it is the result of propaganda itself. Propaganda carries within itself, of intrinsic necessity, the power to take over everything that can serve it.

One cannot make just any propaganda any place for anybody. While propaganda is focused on reaching the individual, it cannot only rely on building off what already exists in the individual. Propaganda must also attach itself to the pre-existing fundamental currents of the society it seeks to influence. The propagandist must know the current tendencies and the stereotypes among the public he is trying to reach. These are indicated by principal symbols of the culture the propagandist wishes to attack since these symbols express the attitudes of a particular culture. Individuals are part of a culture and are therefore psychologically shaped by that culture. The main task of propaganda is to utilize the conditioned symbols as transmitters of that culture to serve its purpose. Propaganda must be a reflection of the fundamental structures of society to be successful and not contradictory of existing opinions. A skillful propagandist does not try to change mass opinion or go against an accepted structure. Only a bad propagandist would make a direct attack on an established, reasoned, durable opinion, accepted cliché, or fixed pattern. Each individual harbors a large number of stereotypes and established tendencies; from this arsenal the propagandist must select those easiest to mobilize, those which will give the greatest strength to the action he wants to precipitate.

Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes (1965/1973) (French: Propagandes; original French edition: 1962) is a book on the subject of propaganda by French philosopher, theologian, legal scholar, and sociologist Jacques Ellul. This book appears to be the first attempt to study propaganda from a sociological approach as well as a psychological one. It presents a sophisticated taxonomy for propaganda, including such paired opposites as political–sociological, vertical–horizontal, rational–irrational, and agitation–integration. The book contains Ellul’s theories about the nature of propaganda to adapt the individual to a society, to a living standard and to an activity aiming to make the individual serve and conform.

Violence and the brain (Vernon H. Mark and Frank R. Ervin )

In 1964 Dr. Mark went on the part-time staff of the Massachusetts General Hospital. He became the Director of Neurosurgery at the Boston City Hospital which position he held until 1986. He and Dr. William Sweet and Dr. Frank Ervin implanted electrodes in the amygdala and hippocampus of patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy and aggressive behavior, with Dr. Jose Delgado.

www.societyns.org/society/bio.aspx?MemberID=9050

Wexler, D. B., Mark, V. H., & Ervin, F. R.. (1972). Violence and the Brain. Harvard Law Review

, 85(7), 1489.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.2307/1340021
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Blumer, D. P., Williams, H. W., & Mark, V. H.. (1974). The Study and Treatment, on a Neurological Ward, of Abnormally Aggressive Patients with Focal Brain Disease (Part 2 of 2). Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery

, 36(3), 151–176.
Plain numerical DOI: 10.1159/000315444
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Credit Suisse Research Institute “Global Wealth Report” (2018)

Social disparity has reached an extreme level and current statistics indicate that an ultra-rich segment (>1% of the total population) owns ≈50% of the worlds entire wealth, i.e., ≈$140 trillion are owned by a infinitesimal small minority of humanity; but see the Credit Suisse Research Institute “Global Wealth Report” from 2018.
URL: www.credit-suisse.com/corporate/en/research/research-institute/global-wealth-report.html

Credit Suisse. (2018). Global Wealth Databook 2018. Credit Suisse doi.org/10.1038/nbt0910-907

The Network of Global Corporate Control

Vitali, S., Glattfelder, J. B., & Battiston, S.. (2011). The Network of Global Corporate Control. PLoS ONE, 6(10), e25995.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0025995
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Bertrand Russell: Proposed Roads to Freedom

LibriVox

Proposed Roads to Freedom

Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell (1872 – 1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, political activist and Nobel laureate. He led the British "revolt against idealism" in the early 1900s and is considered one of the founders of analytic philosophy along with his predecessor Gottlob Frege and his protégé Ludwig Wittgenstein. In this book, written in 1918, he offers his assessment of three competing streams in the thought of the political left: Marxian socialism, anarchism and syndicalism. (Summary by Wikipedia/Carl Manchester)
  • 00 - Introduction
  • 01 - Marx and Socialist Doctrine
  • 02 - Bakunin and Anarchism
  • 03 - The Syndicalist Revolt
  • 04 - Work and Play
  • 05 - Government and Law
  • 06 - International Relations
  • 07 - Science and Art Under Socialism
  • 08 - The World as it Could be Made

Sir Francis Galton (*1822;†1911): Hereditary Genius

Sir Francis Galton, was an English Victorian era statistician, polymath, sociologist, psychologist, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, and psychometrician. He was knighted in 1909.

Galton produced over 340 papers and books. He also created the statistical concept of correlation and widely promoted regression toward the mean. He was the first to apply statistical methods to the study of human differences and inheritance of intelligence, and introduced the use of questionnaires and surveys for collecting data on human communities, which he needed for genealogical and biographical works and for his anthropometric studies.

He was a pioneer in eugenics, coining the term itself and the phrase “nature versus nurture”. His book Hereditary Genius (1869) was the first social scientific attempt to study genius and greatness.

As an investigator of the human mind, he founded psychometrics (the science of measuring mental faculties) and differential psychology and the lexical hypothesis of personality. He devised a method for classifying fingerprints that proved useful in forensic science. He also conducted research on the power of prayer, concluding it had none by its null effects on the longevity of those prayed for. His quest for the scientific principles of diverse phenomena extended even to the optimal method for making tea.

LibriVox

Hereditary Genius

A biographical summary of the pre-eminent men of Britain grouped by profession. The extensive survey draws from information including college graduation, reputation during career, fellowships, and even known relatives. Includes discussions on findings and observations as well as referenced appendices. - Summary by Leon Harvey
  • Preface
  • Introductory Chapter
  • Classification of Men According to Their Reputation
  • Classification of Men According to Their Natural Gifts
  • Comparison of the Two Classifications
  • Notation
  • The Judges of England Between 1660 and 1865
  • Statesmen
  • English Peerages. Their Influence Upon Race
  • Commanders
  • Literary Men
  • Men of Science
  • Poets
  • Musicians
  • Painters
  • Divines
  • Senior Classics of Cambridge
  • Oarsmen
  • Wrestlers of the North Country
  • Comparison of Results
  • The Comparative Worth of Different Races
  • Influences That Affect the General Ability of Nations
  • General Considerations
  • Appendix

Dr. Peter Breggin (MD) – Psychiatry, neurosurgery, psychopharmacology and mind control politics


Further References

Breggin, P. R.. (1998). Analysis of Adverse Behavioral Effects of Benzodiazepines With a Discussion on Drawing Scientific Conclusions from the FDA’s Spontaneous Reporting System. The Institute of Mind and Behavior, Inc.
Breggin, P. R.. (2000). The NIMH multimodal study of treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A critical analysis. [References]. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Breggin, P. R.. (1998). Electroshock: scientific, ethical, and political issues *. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Breggin, P. R.. (2014). The rights of children and parents in regard to children receiving psychiatric diagnoses and drugs. Children and Society

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/chso.12049
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Breggin, P. R.. (2004). Recent U.S., Canadian and British regulatory agency actions concerning antidepressant-induced harm to self and others: A review and analysis. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
Breggin, P. R.. (2006). Intoxication Anosognosia: The Spellbinding Effect of Psychiatric Drugs. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 8(3), 201–216.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1891/ehppij-v8i3a003
DOI URL
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Breggin, P. R.. (2003). Psychopharmacology And Human Values. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 43(2), 34–49.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1177/0022167802250729
DOI URL
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Karon, P., & Breggin, R.. (2012). Review of Psychiatric drug withdrawal: A guide for prescribers, therapists, patients and their families.. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry: An International Journal of Critical Inquiry
Breggin, P. R.. (2002). Fluvoxamine as a cause of stimulation, mania and aggression: A critical analysis of the FDA-approved label. Ethical Human Sciences & Services
Breggin, P. R.. (2010). Antidepressant-induced suicide, violence and mania: Risks for military personnel. International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine

Plain numerical DOI: 10.3233/JRS-2010-0502
DOI URL
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Breggin, P. R.. (2011). Psychiatric drug-induced Chronic Brain Impairment (CBI): Implications for long-term treatment with psychiatric medication. International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine

Plain numerical DOI: 10.3233/JRS-2011-0542
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Breggin, P. R., & Breggin, G.. (2008). Exposure to SSRI Antidepressants In Utero Causes Birth Defects, Neonatal Withdrawal Symptoms, and Brain Damage. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 10(1), 5–9.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1891/1559-4343.10.1.5
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Breggin, P. R.. (2016). Rational Principles of Psychopharmacology for Therapists, Healthcare Providers and Clients. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 46(1), 1–13.

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1007/s10879-015-9307-2
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Breggin, P. R.. (2015). The biological evolution of guilt, shame and anxiety: A new theory of negative legacy emotions. Medical Hypotheses

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.mehy.2015.03.015
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The science of critical thinking

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Further References

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Ennis, R. H.. (2011). The Nature of Critical Thinking : An outline of critical thinking dispositions. In Sixth International Conference on Thinking at MIT
Kuhn, D.. (2007). A Developmental Model of Critical Thinking. Educational Researcher

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Ennis, R. H.. (1993). Critical thinking assessment. Theory Into Practice

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Richmond, B.. (1993). Systems thinking: Critical thinking skills for the 1990s and beyond. System Dynamics Review

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Siegel, H.. (2010). Critical thinking. In International Encyclopedia of Education

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Pithers, R. T., & Soden, R.. (2000). Critical thinking in education: A review. Educational Research

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Macke, J.. (1991). On Teaching Critical Thinking. Educational Philosophy and Theory

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-5812.1991.tb00176.x
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Bailin, S.. (2002). Critical thinking and science education. Science and Education

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1023/A:1016042608621
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Sanders, M., & Moulenbelt, J.. (2011). Defining Critical Thinking. Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines

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Jackson, M. C.. (2001). Critical systems thinking and practice. European Journal of Operational Research

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Bowell, T., & Kemp, G.. (2002). Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide. Philosophy

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
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Duron, R., Limbach, B., & Waugh, W.. (2006). Critical Thinking Framework For Any Discipline. Interrnational Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

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Bailin, S., Case, R., Coombs, J. R., & Daniels, L. B.. (1999). Conceptualizing critical thinking. Journal of Curriculum Studies

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1080/002202799183133
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Mason, M.. (2009). Critical Thinking and Learning. Critical Thinking and Learning

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1002/9781444306774
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