Camp Delta Standard Operating Procedure

Psychology played an important role in the development of the methodologies. Sensory deprivation is a pivotal field of study in this context (see attached references below).


The Camp Delta Standard Operating Procedures is a document that was written under the authority of Geoffrey D. Miller when he was the officer in charge of Joint Task Force Guantanamo.[1][2] This leaked document was published on WikiLeaks on Wednesday November 7, 2007.

According to Wired magazine, the 238-page document was dated March 28, 2003, and was signed by Miller.[1]Wired reports that the American Civil Liberties Union had requested the release of the document under the Freedom of Information Act in October 2003.

Wired reports that Miller specified four levels of access the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) would be allowed to captives:[1]

  • No Access
  • Visual Access – ICRC can only look at a prisoner’s physical condition.
  • Restricted Access – ICRC representatives can only ask short questions about the prisoner’s health.
  • Unrestricted Access

Wired reports that spokesmen from the Department of Defense declined to comment on the leak.[1] The Associated Press reports that Army Lieutenant Colonel Ed Bush called the manual out-of-date.[2] According to Lieutenant Colonel Bush, AP reports, dogs are no longer used, and the Red Cross is no longer denied access to any of the captives.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Delta_Standard_Operating_Procedures

 

Joint Task Force Guantanamo (JTF-GTMO) standard operating procedures (SOP) for Camp Delta (Guantanamo Bay prison). This is the primary document for the operation of Guantanamo bay, including the securing and treatment of detainees. The document is extensive and includes, in addition to text various forms, identity cards and even Muslim burial instructions. It is signed by Major General Miller, who Donald Rumsfeld later sent to Abu Ghraib to “Gitmoize it”. The document is also the subject of an ongoing legal action between the ACLU, which has been trying to obtain it, and the Department of Defense, which has withheld it in full (see www.aclu.org/pdfs/safefree/20070110/dod_vaughn_r_denied_in_full_section_6_interim.pdf).

wikileaks.org/wiki/Camp_Delta_Standard_Operating_Procedure

hrlibrary.umn.edu/OathBetrayed/sop_2004.pdf

Further References

Merabet, L. B., & Pascual-Leone, A.. (2010). Neural reorganization following sensory loss: The opportunity of change. Nature Reviews Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nrn2758
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Goel, N., Rao, H., Durmer, J. S., & Dinges, D. F.. (2009). Neurocognitive consequences of sleep deprivation. Seminars in Neurology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1237117
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Zheng, J. J., Li, S. J., Zhang, X. Di, Miao, W. Y., Zhang, D., Yao, H., & Yu, X.. (2014). Oxytocin mediates early experience-dependent cross-modal plasticity in the sensory cortices. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn.3634
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Hofer, S. B., Mrsic-Flogel, T. D., Bonhoeffer, T., & Hübener, M.. (2009). Experience leaves a lasting structural trace in cortical circuits. Nature

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nature07487
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Lendvai, B., Stern, E. A., Chen, B., & Svoboda, K.. (2000). Experience-dependent plasticity of dendritic spines in the developing rat barrel cortex in vivo. Nature

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/35009107
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Maffei, A., Nataraj, K., Nelson, S. B., & Turrigiano, G. G.. (2006). Potentiation of cortical inhibition by visual deprivation. Nature

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nature05079
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Margolis, D. J., Lütcke, H., Schulz, K., Haiss, F., Weber, B., Kügler, S., … Helmchen, F.. (2012). Reorganization of cortical population activity imaged throughout long-term sensory deprivation. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn.3240
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Celikel, T., Szostak, V. A., & Feldman, D. E.. (2004). Modulation of spike timing by sensory deprivation during induction of cortical map plasticity. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn1222
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Yashiro, K., Riday, T. T., Condon, K. H., Roberts, A. C., Bernardo, D. R., Prakash, R., … Philpot, B. D.. (2009). Ube3a is required for experience-dependent maturation of the neocortex. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn.2327
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Kral, A., & Sharma, A.. (2012). Developmental neuroplasticity after cochlear implantation. Trends in Neurosciences

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.tins.2011.09.004
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Hooks, B. M., & Chen, C.. (2006). Distinct Roles for Spontaneous and Visual Activity in Remodeling of the Retinogeniculate Synapse. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1021/acssensors.5b00047
DOI URL
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Zuo, Y., Yang, G., Kwon, E., & Gan, W. B.. (2005). Long-term sensory deprivation prevents dendritic spine loss in primary somatosensory cortex. Nature

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nature03715
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Hofer, S. B., Mrsic-Flogel, T. D., Bonhoeffer, T., & Hübener, M.. (2006). Prior experience enhances plasticity in adult visual cortex. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn1610
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Keck, T., Keller, G. B., Jacobsen, R. I., Eysel, U. T., Bonhoeffer, T., & Hübener, M.. (2013). Synaptic scaling and homeostatic plasticity in the mouse visual cortex in vivo. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.08.018
DOI URL
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Petrus, E., Isaiah, A., Jones, A. P., Li, D., Wang, H., Lee, H. K., & Kanold, P. O.. (2014). Crossmodal Induction of Thalamocortical Potentiation Leads to Enhanced Information Processing in the Auditory Cortex. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.11.023
DOI URL
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Makino, H., & Malinow, R.. (2011). Compartmentalized versus global synaptic plasticity on dendrites controlled by experience. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.09.036
DOI URL
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Keck, T., Scheuss, V., Jacobsen, R. I., Wierenga, C. J., Eysel, U. T., Bonhoeffer, T., & Hübener, M.. (2011). Loss of sensory input causes rapid structural changes of inhibitory neurons in adult mouse visual cortex. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2011.06.034
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Villanueva, M., García, B., Valle, J., Rapún, B., Ruiz De Los Mozos, I., Solano, C., … Lasa, I.. (2018). Sensory deprivation in Staphylococcus aureus. Nature Communications

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-02949-y
DOI URL
directSciHub download

Fox, K., & Wong, R. O. L.. (2005). A comparison of experience-dependent plasticity in the visual and somatosensory systems. Neuron

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2005.10.013
DOI URL
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Cranin, A. N., & Sher, J.. (1979). Sensory deprivation. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1016/0030-4220(79)90120-8
DOI URL
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McCurry, C. L., Shepherd, J. D., Tropea, D., Wang, K. H., Bear, M. F., & Sur, M.. (2010). Loss of Arc renders the visual cortex impervious to the effects of sensory experience or deprivation. Nature Neuroscience

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1038/nn.2508
DOI URL
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